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International Relations Program: Course Contents (3rd year)

Third Year

Semester 5 : Aspect régional : Europe et Européens

Histoire de l’Europe et des Européens (18h)

  • Histoire de la construction européenne
  • Zones de haute tension, le Maghreb et le Moyen-Orient occupent une place centrale dans l’actualité internationale et la géopolitique mondiale. Ce cours propose un panorama des enjeux contemporains de cette région du monde et de ses conflits. Une première partie historique, politique et socio-économique permettra de présenter les grands cadres d’évolution de cet espace régional et d’éclairer, notamment, le contexte des « révolutions arabes ». Elle sera suivi de séances thématiques, centrées sur des conflits ou des espace régionaux particuliers : le conflit israélo-arabe ; les tensions autour du golfe Arabo-persique ; les enjeux maghrébins et sahariens, etc.

  • Préparation aux épreuves orales

International Issues for and in Europe (30h)

  • Europe and the World (16h)
  • This class will introduce students to the history of the European relations with other parts of the world as well as to the study of the European Union (EU) as a global player. Chronologically, the course will focus on the second post-world war period.

    The course will analyze how European countries reorganize their relations and cooperation after World War 2 and try to respond to the global economy. It shows how they band together to exert influence on world events. We will focus on the relations of the EU with the Eastern neighborhood, before and after the cold car, on the relations with the Mediterranean and African countries, with Asia and America.

    Analyzing the different kind of agreements and relations the EU maintains with third countries or regional organizations, we will focus on the instruments and the strategies developed by the EU and its member countries in order to influence the external world.

    Finally, the course will show the efforts of the EU to promote a global governance in actual world and its contribution to the organs of the global governance (G7/8, G20, UN family organizations) and it will consider the influence of ‘regionalism’ in shaping the external action of the EU.

 
  • Seminars:
Europe and Turkey

The events of September 11th placed the charges of Christian exclusivism in Europe in the spotlight, and elevated the question of identity compatibility between Turkey and Europe to a strategic concern. Among advocates of Turkey’s EU accession, Turkey’s relations with the EU came to be framed as a test case for possible dialogue between civilizations.

The possible membership of Turkey in the EU became an important way to show how EU’s ‘normative power’ could make a critical difference at a time when the US’s military power was apparently failing to reach its objectives in the Middle East.This seminar aims to analyse the long relationship since 1960s between Turkey and European Union from a constructivist perspective emphasizing identities, belongings and soft-power relations between two entities. Some important topics like energy cooperation, illegal migrants, democracy building in the Middle East and Turkey’s current political system will be studied.

The United Kingdom and the Euro: To Join or Not to Join?

The purpose of this seminar is to examine the attitude of the main British political parties, the public, the press, companies and trade unions, towards European monetary plans.

More particularly, it is aimed at explaining why Britain is generally considered as an “awkward partner” by EU member states/ eurozone members. Indeed, the UK has always refused to adhere to European monetary plans since the 1970s: it did not jointheEuropean MonetarySystem in 1979 and has refused to be part of the eurozone so far. Even Tony Blair, who was one of the most pro-euro Prime Ministers Britain has ever had, did not succeed in joining the euro between May 1997 and June 2007.

Introduction au droit européen et à ses institutions (24h)

  • Qui fait quoi dans l’Union européenne ?
Les institutions et le droit de l’Union européenne répondent à un processus historique, progressif, entre période de reconstruction de l’après seconde guerre mondiale à celle, plus actuelle, de la globalisation économique. L’organisation et le fonctionnement de l’Union européenne ne peuvent se comprendre qu’au regard de ses réalités, économiques, sociales et politiques, ayant favorisé la construction d’une organisation supranationale composée d’Etats souverains. Ce cours vise à donner les clés pour une compréhension facilitée de l’Union européenne et de son droit. Il présentera à la fois le cadre institutionnel et normatif de l’Union européenne : ses institutions mais aussi son ordre juridique. Il offre ainsi l’occasion de réunir des connaissances sur le passé, le présent mais aussi sur les perspectives de la construction juridique et politique de l’Union européenne.

Semester 6 : Aspects thématiques, transversaux ou régionaux

Histoire régionale ou thématique (18h)

  • Le Maghreb et le Moyen-Orient contemporains (18h)
Zones de haute tension, le Maghreb et le Moyen-Orient occupent une place centrale dans l’actualité internationale et la géopolitique mondiale. Ce cours propose un panorama des enjeux contemporains de cette région du monde et de ses conflits. Une première partie historique, politique et socio-économique permettra de présenter les grands cadres d’évolution de cet espace régional et d’éclairer, notamment, le contexte des « révolutions arabes ». Elle sera suivi de séances thématiques, centrées sur des conflits ou des espace régionaux particuliers : le conflit israélo-arabe ; les tensions autour du golfe Arabopersique ; les enjeux maghrébins et sahariens, etc.

Regional Issues (30h)

  • Powers, Poverty Reduction and International Relations in Sub-Saharan Africa, a changer (24h)

This seminar will deal with the geopolitics of sub-Saharan Africa. It will analyze specifically African issues by adopting a multi-scale analysis (local, national, regional, and international), divorcing from a strictly state-by-state approach to embrace a more global understanding, accounting for the diversity of challenges, actors, and strategies.
How – and to what extent – does an internal issue foster consequences at the regional and international level? How is it dealt with at the level of African Nation-States? How does the international community understand them and deal with them? What is the impact of the international presence on national or regional policies?

Session 1: Africa, South of the Sahara: Representations and Divisions 

Theme 1: Challenges : Development and Poverty Reduction

Session 2: Resources and Conflicts
Session 3: Land Income and Agricultural Exports
Session 4: Feeding Populations
Session 5: Exam 1
Session 6: Drinking Water in Cameroun

Theme 2 : L’Afrique dans le monde

Session 7: France in Mali and Central African Republic (CAR)
Session 8: China in Africa
Session 9: Exam 2 
 

  • Seminars:
Education and poverty reduction in East-Africa since Independence (3h)

This seminar reviews the situation of education in east-Africa since the 1960’s in its relation to reduction poverty. The seminar focuses on a specific country, Tanzania where schooling has been considered as one of the main factors of development and a way to unify the country. The rapid growth of school enrolments that follows Independence has been stopped by the economical crisis in the middle of the 1980’s. As in many other African countries, the development of education in Tanzania is currently embedded within a large programme of poverty reduction: the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

 Vote, migration and violence in South Africa (3h)

This seminar focuses on the specific case of South Africa. After a general presentation of the political history of the country, the seminar focuses on the presentation of its socio-economic situation. This presentation stresses the legacy of Apartheid for the present situation of the country. Emphasis is put on the similarities but also the differences between South Africa and the other Sub-Saharan countries (in particular as regards the achievement of the Millenium Development Goals - OMD).

Then the question of migration (both international and internal) is presented and its relation with the recent irruption of xenophobic violence in urban South Africa is studied. The seminar ends by drawing perspectives on the issues of group diversity in the context of rapid urbanization that know Sub-Saharan countries in an increasingly globalized world.
 

  •  Préparation pratique aux épreuves orales (12h)
  •  Epreuves écrites: modules spécifiques (12h)