MASTER Historical Sciences SPECIALTY Archaelogical research and professions

The “Archaeological Research and Professions” specialization provides students with an undifferentiated course combining a research programme and a professionalizing programme.

Since the archaeology course has existed, its particularity has been to train students, by using material vestiges, to imagine the ways that societies organized their space. This original approach is due to the fact that this course is the main “partner” of the “Laboratoire Archéologie et Territoires” (Archaeology and Territories Laboratory) team of the UM R 6173 Citeres (Joint Research Unit). This uniqueness is the strength of the Université François Rabelais’ archaeological course and distinguishes it from the other archaeological courses offered in France. In 2005, and at the same time as the research Master, the François-Rabelais University of Tours launched its professionalizing Master, known as “Archéomatique”, which trains students in all IT techniques that are applied to archaeology.

  • Objectives

The “Archaeological Research and Professions” Master pursues this goal in the direction of the many opportunities that are offered by metropolitan and temperate Europe archaeology, as well as by Eastern Mediterranean archaeology, as regards the historic periods from Early History to the Middle Ages. Wishing to offer students a course that ensures they acquire a wide range of skills that are useful for forging careers in the many and diverse sectors of archaeology, the archaeology course in Tours proposes a series of technical studies that enables students to choose specializations that are highly in demand in the professional world (archaeozoology, spatial archaeology, ceramography, archaeology of buildings) whilst acquiring fundamental knowledge of the discipline and general skills that are useful for integrating archaeological departments (heritage law, multimedia, palaeography, epigraphy).

The specific pedagogical aim of the “Archaeological Research and Professions” specialization is to provide students, within two years, with an introduction to the fields of archaeological research whilst pursuing work on the professional world of metropolitan archaeology. The Master 1 in archaeology proposes a common base of studies that provides students with the initial skills that are indispensible for establishing their professional project. This offer enables archaeology students, who have not followed the L3 Archaeology course of studies in the History and Archaeology Department of the François-Rabelais University, to acquire or to develop their knowledge and to orient their studies towards a specialization that is related to professional archaeological opportunities. In the second year, the Master is undifferentiated for the two programmes: a research programme and a professionalizing programme. Students develop their programme based on their professional project, on the archaeological profession that they wish to pursue and they acquire specific skills that correspond to their project. The research programme includes a research dissertation, whilst the professionalizing programme comprises a 3-month traineeship, carried out in an archaeological structure, and a written report on the traineeship.

  • Contents or models of training

- Spatial analysis applied to archaeology
- Spatial archaeology (geomatics applied to archaeology)
- Construction technique and architecture
- Research file
- Excavation data recording and computerizing
- Exploiting post-excavation data
- Habitat, cities and territories
- Foreign language (CLES 2 (Higher Education Language Skills Certification))
- Methods for studying and interpreting archaeological material data
- Material and social practices
- Multimedia tools and representation
- Preventive webmapping and online GIS
- Training period with a public or private preventive archaeology professional
- Training period in the archaeological department of a local authority
- Training period in the archaeological department of the DRAC (Regional Directorate of Cultural Affairs), local authorities
- Training period in an INRAP centre (National Institute for Preventive Archaeological Research) or with a private archaeological professional
- Training in a laboratory
- Seminar on Late Antiquity and on medieval archaeology
- Seminar on Early History and on Antiquity
- GIS and the environment (remote sensing)
- On-site excavation training (1 month)
- Computerized topography
- Processing archaeological data (DBMS and statistics applied to archaeology)
- Cities and territories

  • Admission requirements
- History or History of Art Degree
- Proficiency in French, intellectual curiosity, a critical mind, ability to work autonomously and to memorize, interest in reading, ability to work in a group.