International Relations Program: Course Contents (2nd year)

Second Year Courses

L'Occident à la fin du Moyen Âge: réalités géopolitiques et expansion commerciale (18h) (Didier Boisseuil)

Ce cours se propose de dresser un aperçu du monde occidental à la fin du Moyen Âge, en explorant les différents systèmes politiques, les différentes formes de domination qui ont vu le jour en Europe entre les Xe et XVe siècles (notamment en abordant des notions aussi essentielles que celles de Saint-Empire, de républiques urbaines…). Il précisera aussi les éléments qui ont contribué à l’essor économique et diplomatique des Occidentaux (en particulier les échanges entre le monde méditerranéen et l’Europe du Nord).

Northern Ireland: From Conflict to Resolution (16h) (Martine Pelletier)

This course will begin with a brief survey of the roots of the so-called “troubles” in Northern Ireland. The focus will then shift to partition and the establishment of a “protestant state for a protestant people” challenged by the civil rights movement in the 1960s and the resurgence of paramilitary violence after the deployment of British troops in 1969. Attempts at finding political solutions to the conflict in the 1970s and 1980s and the respective roles and policies of the Irish and British governments will be analysed, leading to the Good Friday Peace Agreement, signed in 1998, with the setting-up of a power-sharing executive and the formal end of the “troubles”.

+ Séminaire thématique (2h)

Economics of international Trade: Determinants and Impacts (22h) (Daniel Mirza)

This course introduces the different theories of international trade and how they contribute to our understanding of the determinants and impact of nowadays globalization. It starts with the traditional theory of trade based on comparative advantage, and then continues through more modern theories based on economies of scale, the love of varieties and transaction costs. Besides, we discuss the predictions of these theories on inequalities across skilled and unskilled labor within countries on one hand, and across similar skills in different countries on the other hand. Also, we end-up by looking at the impact of transactions costs, namely how their reduction (e.g. being part of the euro area) or their increase (e.g. taking part in a conflict) is affecting international trade.

+ Séminaires thématiques (8h)

National and International Security Issues: Contemporary Conflicts (20h) (Alexandre Rios-Bordes)

This course is intended to introduce students to the dynamics of contemporary conflicts. It will start by briefly laying out the different and competing theoretical understandings of conflicts and wars (realist, liberal, marxist, constructivist, etc.). A second part will give an overview of the types of existing conflicts through a wide variety of examples and a simple analytical framework (intensity, scale, length, actors, and means). The last part will be dedicated to the role played by the major underlying factors that arguably account for contemporary crisis (territory, resources, and identity).

+ Séminaires thématiques (10h)

Introduction to Comparative Institutions and Constitutional Law: Political Systems in Europe (24h) (Christian Garbar)

The purpose of this course of comparative politics is to describe the political systems in Europe (except the French system) through significant examples (Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Nordic countries, Spain) from three points of view: the institutions (mainly parliamentary systems), the political life (generally based on the change of government from left to right, or right to left), and the organization of the State (decentralization or federalism).

Introduction aux institutions internationales et droit international : L'organisation des Nations Unies (16h) (Pierre-Edouard Deldique)

Ce cours s’articule autour des points suivants : création et évolution de l’ONU à partir de l’analyse de sa Charte et de ses principaux organes (Assemblée générale, Conseil de sécurité notamment) ; réflexions sur la création et l’évolution des opérations de maintien de la paix et sur le rôle de l’Organisation en matière de défense des droits de l’homme ; conclusions autour de la réforme des Nations unies et en particulier sur l’élargissement du Conseil de sécurité.

+ Seminaires thématiques (8h)