This specialization combines two courses: a course in modern literature and comparative literature and a course in the classics. The first focuses on literary studies that are chronologically mainly “modern” – from the 18th century to the present day. The second is more specifically centred on classical literature and languages – Latin and Greek, and comprises an additional study of French literature. Each course proposes two programmes: a research programme, which includes a research dissertation related to the specialization seminars, and a Métiers de l'enseignement et de la formation – MEF (Teaching and Training Professions) programme, which comprises a double disciplinary and professional interest.

  • Objectives

In both courses, the aims differ depending on the programme selected. The research programme introduces students to literary research methods and practices. The Master is, as such, designed as a fundamental step towards possibly developing subsequent scientific work in the form of a doctoral thesis. Students must write a dissertation that provides a new approach to a subject of the students’ choice (in French or comparative literature, in Latin or in Greek); this training enables students to discover the difficulties and the requirements of research and to apprehend the various skills (bibliographic processing, IT tools, index cards, etc.) with the help of a professor. This writing work is completed by seminars, which may offer students opportunities to discover new fields and help them in their own research work.

The MEF (Teaching and Training Professions) programme is totally different. Training focuses on learning and development notions. Firstly, learning a profession, by undertaking traineeships and by participating in pedagogical and didactic theoretical classes. Students must write an end-of-traineeship report. Secondly, developing students’ disciplinary approach because, above all, teaching requires great discipline. Disciplinary approach is developed through preparation for the theoretical tests of the CAPES selection exam (secondary school teaching certification) in modern literature and in the classics; this exam is the most common continuity (but not the only one) of this type of course. Students will also be introduced to research through research seminars, so that they may also access this intellectual aspect of the course. Professional openings: Teaching careers (primary school teacher, secondary school teacher, special education teacher, etc.). In the field of research, students are offered a high level of training, which leads to an aggregation (certificate of aptitude for teaching) with regional cooperation (in partnership with Poitiers and Limoges) or to a doctorate. Students may, as such, follow a career in further education, in France and in certain foreign countries. Some graduates of this Master, regardless of their courses of studies, may also enter careers in journalism, audiovisual, national and regional written and online press, bookshops or publishing, libraries, or careers in European and foreign affairs institutions (in particular cultural).

Students who have followed literature and humanities sections may begin careers in companies.

  • Contents or models of training

- M1 S7: Common base for teaching/research: History of literature in the Middle Ages, the 16th and 17th centuries, research methodology.

- M1 S7: Research programme: 17th century French literature, theatre, literature for young people, comparative literature, stylistic, introduction to research.

- M1 S7: Teaching programme: Disciplinary tests, common base training (educative philosophy and sociology, the institutional aspects of a teaching career), epistemology of the discipline, didactics of the discipline, grammatical studies, introduction to research.

- M1 S8: Common base: History of literature of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries.

- M1 S8 Research programme: French literature of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, cross-disciplinary seminar by the ICD (Cultural and Discursive Interactions) research team, comparative literature, stylistic, dissertation.

- M1 S8 Teaching programme: Disciplinary tests, common base training (philosophy, learning), didactics of the discipline, traineeship preparation and analysis, grammatical studies.

- M1 S9 Research programme: French literature of the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries, comparative literature, choice to follow the CESR (Centre for Higher Studies on the Renaissance) seminar.

- M2 S9 Teaching programme: Disciplinary tests, common base training (diversity of publics, managing a class), didactics of the discipline, traineeship preparation and analysis, test on the application file (Épreuve sur dossier), grammatical studies.

- M1 S10 Research programme: French literature of the 19th and 20th centuries, comparative literature, choice to follow the CESR (Centre for Higher Studies on the Renaissance) seminar, research dissertation.

- M1 S10 Teaching programme

Commentary of 16th to 20th century literary texts: common base studies, didactics of the discipline, test on the application file (Épreuve sur dossier), professional dissertation.

Students may take the “CLES 2” (Higher Education Language Skills Certification) during the M years.

As part of the classics course, research programme, eight weeks of specialization are included; four in Greek and four in Latin and comprise fifty percent Greek and Latin classics and fifty percent late Greek and Latin literature. A more technical oriented seminar on the ecdotics of Ancient Greek texts is included every other year. As part of the preparation for the teaching selection exam (research and MEF (Teaching and Training Professions) programmes), the following are proposed: – (in partnership with the IUFM (university teacher training institute)) a didactics and practical pedagogy course, comprising situational traineeships, – a triple disciplinary course, in French, Latin and Greek (French dissertation, commentary on French, Latin and Greek texts, Latin and Greek to French translation).

  • Admission requirements

A good level of French language and literary culture and, also, for the classics curriculum, a good level of Latin and Greek; a genuine interest in the studies chosen and, for the MEF (Teaching and Training Professions) programme, seriously motivated to become a teacher.

Students are admitted to M2 by selection, through application reviews (including a research dissertation) and good results in their previous course of studies, which, in most cases, will have been literature, but students from other courses of studies who show their motivation may be included in this Master.